Professor of Law
B.A., Columbia, 1945; LL.B., 1948; LL.D , 1984. Assistant counsel, NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, 1949–61; director-counsel, 1961–84. Argued before United States Supreme Court in 40 cases, including Brown v. Board of Education, 1954, which declared “separate but equal” unconstitutional; and other cases in the Supreme Court and other courts involving civil rights in all its aspects. Founding member, Mexican-American Legal Defense and Education Fund; Human Rights Watch. Participated in human rights missions to the Soviet Union, Poland, South Africa, the Philippines, Korea, Nepal, and elsewhere; consulted on integrating Roma school children in public schools in Eastern Europe; visiting lecturer, Yale Law School, 1971, Harvard Law School, 1983, University of Munich, 1998; University of Tokyo, 1998. Dean, Columbia College, 1989–93. Presidential Citizens Medal, 2001; Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1998. Awarded American Bar Association Thurgood Marshall Award, 1996. Board member Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund; NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund. Publications include Crusaders in the Courts: Legal Battles of the Civil Rights Movement (2004); Brown v. Board of Education: Witness to a Landmark Decision (2004); Dean Cuisine: The Liberated Man's Guide to Fine Cooking (with James Vorenberg, 1991).